MOSCOW, July 19. /Basereporter.com/. Russia’s active participation in world Affairs is dictated by our main national interest – ensuring the most favourable, safe environment for breakthrough development of the country, addressing major social, economic challenges, improving the quality of life of Russians. This was stated on Thursday, speaking at a meeting with Russian ambassadors and permanent representatives of the Russian Federation, Russian President Vladimir Putin.
“Our citizens want to see Russia strong, independent, peace-loving state. We are open to partnerships, mutually beneficial, constructive relations with all countries and regional organizations”, – he stressed.
Putin also noted that “following international law, working collectively, we can solve the most complex problems of the world”.
The Russian leader, in his speech raised a number of issues that concern the entire international community, including the issue of settlement in Syria, the question of preservation of the agreements on the Iranian nuclear program, relations between Russia and the United States.
To solve the humanitarian problems
“In Syria, with the decisive role of Russia dealt a devastating blow to international terrorism, ISIL (formerly ISIS banned in Russia as a terrorist organization – approx. Basereporter.com) and other extremist groups.
This allowed to preserve the Syrian state and create conditions for economic recovery and the return of refugees,” – said Putin thanked the Russian soldiers who “bravely, professionally carried out and carry out your duty.” He also expressed gratitude to the diplomats who “actively and wholeheartedly act on the Syrian track”.
The Russian leader is sure that “it is extremely important to increase the efforts of the international community to provide humanitarian assistance to Syrians”. In his opinion, “it is important for Syria and for the region as a whole and for many countries, because it reduces, reduced would be if we actively worked in this direction, migratory pressure on the European countries”.
Active work in the framework of the Astana process, and conducting at the beginning of the year in Sochi, the Congress of national dialogue “to lay the Foundation of legitimacy of the renewed Syria.” “Now on the agenda – the formation of a constitutional Committee to draft constitutional reforms and the subsequent holding of elections with the assistance of the United Nations”, – said the President of the Russian Federation.
You need to save
No less important for stability in the world believes Putin and maintenance of the international agreement on Iran’s nuclear program. Joint comprehensive plan of action on Iran’s nuclear program (SVPD), according to the President of the Russian Federation, “plays a crucial role for global non-proliferation regime”. “The challenge now is to maintain this arrangement and to prevent the uncontrolled growth of tensions in the middle East,” he said.
The US President may 8, 2018 announced the retirement of Washington from the agreement. He promised not only to bring back the old, but also to introduce new restrictive measures, despite the protests not only in Moscow but also the European capitals.
However, on the 6th of July Vienna Ministerial meeting of Iran and the “five” of international mediators (Russia, China, Britain, Germany and France) AGREEMENT of the representatives of the “five” reaffirmed their commitment to the agreement, agreed to maintain and develop extensive economic relations with Iran, keep oil and gas exports from Iran, to preserve and maintain efficient financial channels with this country.
The development of positive trends
The President of the Russian Federation noted the positive contribution of their American colleagues in the resolution of other international problems, the settlement of the situation on the Korean Peninsula. “We expect that the positive trends emerging, also thanks to the contribution of President trump, will be further developed”, – said Putin.
He also expressed satisfaction with the fact that the inter-Korean settlement was used to the idea of Moscow and Beijing. “Solutions based on collective efforts and dialogue, Russia has always offered to the Korean Peninsula. Developed in conjunction with China’s plan for a gradual normalization of the situation. Well that is inherent in the ideas found application that the parties sat at the negotiating table, showed mutual respect, refused actions that could lead to irreparable consequences”, – said the Russian leader.
In Ukraine there are no changes
Speaking about the situation in Ukraine, Putin drew attention to continuing in the South-East of the country a serious risk of escalation of the situation. According to him, the reasons are the same – failure to comply with the current Ukrainian authorities of their commitments, the rejection of peaceful resolution of conflicts.
“Over and over again demonstrates blatant disregard for agreements, a reluctance to engage in dialogue with their citizens. All scenarios are calculated according to the power path,” Putin said. “We believe that the Minsk package of measures remains a viable basis for a political settlement of the crisis situation”, – said the head of the Russian state.
To respond proportionately
Touching upon the issue of ensuring Russia’s security, Putin stressed that Moscow will proportionately respond to the aggressive steps of the Alliance. According to the Russian leader, the key to security and stability in Europe lies in expanding cooperation and building trust, “and not in the deployment near the Russian borders new bases and military infrastructure of NATO, what is happening now”.
The Russian President suggested “playing fever” representatives of the Alliance, seeking to incorporate, including Ukraine or Georgia in the military orbit of NATO, “think about the possible consequences of such irresponsible policy.” “Need another, positive agenda, aimed at joint work in search of common ground,” said Putin, adding that he had discussed this at the meeting with the President of the United States in Helsinki on 16 July.
The meeting with trump
By staying more on the results of the summit Russia – the USA, Putin said that his meeting with trump was successful and marked the beginning of positive changes in bilateral relations. According to the President of the Russian Federation, “despite the differences of views,” they trump was United in the opinion that “Russian-American relations are in very poor condition, in many respects, even worse than during the cold war.” “Of course, it would be naive to believe that the problems that have accumulated over the years will be resolved in a few hours, but that no one expected. However, I believe that the path to these positive changes has begun”, – said Putin.
It is suggested not to make hasty conclusions about how further events will develop, “the more that certain forces in America trying to belittle, to disavow the results of the meeting in Helsinki.” As Putin said, in the US there are forces that are easily willing to bring Russian-American relations to sacrifice “their ambitions in the course of political struggle” and to sacrifice the interests of American business and the interests of its allies in Europe and the middle East, including in Israel.
The Russian President urged Russian diplomats to consider the work on the American direction the fact that the mighty opponents of the restoration of relations Russia – the USA “provisional government” to the citizens of his anti-Russian position and easily sacrifice the relations of the two countries for their own domestic political interests. About people we did well when some of our famous writers-satirists (Ilya Ilf and Evgeny Petrov прим.Basereporter.com): “miserable, miserable people”, said Putin. “In this case it is not, these people are not miserable and not miserable,” he says.
The President said that Russia is ready to dialogue with the United States. “Russia is ready to develop contacts with the United States on an equal, mutually beneficial basis. This is necessary not only to our peoples but to the whole world,” he said. “As the largest nuclear powers, we bear a special responsibility for ensuring strategic stability and security,” – said the head of state.
According to Putin, the opponents of the restoration of Russian-American relations in the United States are ready to sacrifice, including the issues of security of their country. “In 2021 and ending the start-3 Treaty. So, by and large, we could live without it even a few years ago, but still made the right move, went to the conclusion of this agreement and if today, right now, will not start working on its renewal, prolongation, after a year and a half he just runs out, it will not” – said the President of the Russian Federation.
Start-3 was signed on 8 April 2010. It stipulates that by February 2018, the Arsenal of each of the parties should be limited to 1550 nuclear warheads and 700 ICBMs, SLBMs and TB. The Treaty requires exchange of information on the number of warheads and carriers twice a year.
The agreement remains in force until 5 February 2021, unless replaced before that date by a subsequent agreement on the reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms. It may be extended for not more than five years (i.e. until 2026) by mutual consent of the parties.
Not for speculative greatness
Russia’s foreign policy should become more cost-oriented on the background of the increasing manifestation of protectionism on the world stage, Putin said. According to him, “today, the principle of competition and openness in world trade are increasingly replaced by protectionism,” economic benefit and expediency and ideological situation and political pressure, and economic ties and entrepreneurial freedom are subject to politicization.
Of particular importance, he said, is “the formation of the space of neighborliness, prosperity, security and stability on all sides of our state borders.” He recalled that a key integration project for Russia is the Eurasian economic Union (Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia), participating countries which together “operate effectively”. Priority in the work of the Eurasian economic Union, he called the use of integration “to promote growth of the economies of all participating countries to impact, the practical benefit of cooperation felt by the citizens and business”.
Putin said it was important to increase the external contacts of the EEU, Recalling that now operates the free trade zone Alliance with Vietnam, “negotiations were under way with Israel, Serbia, Singapore, will soon begin consultations with Egypt and India”, signed an interim agreement leading to the formation of the FTA with Iran. “There are about 50 proposals to establish partnerships with the Eurasian economic Union,” he said.
In this logic, according to the head of the Russian state, we must strive to develop relations with the European Union, which, despite the current difficulties, remains one of the main trading partners of the Russian Federation. “We have with the EU many intersecting economic interests. Decades evolved and our General transport and energy infrastructure”, – said the President of the Russian Federation.
He also stressed that “all business projects that we implement with Europe, including, for example, “Nord stream – 2″, are purely commercial, economically justified” and not have a political background or a “double bottom”.